ENVIRONMENT, CLIMATE CHANGE AND RELIEF
Malawi is prone to a variety of slow and sudden-onset disasters which include floods, drought, stormy rains, strong winds, hailstorms, landslides, earthquakes, pest infestations, diseases outbreaks, fire, and accidents, just to mention but a few. Climate variability and climate change impacts are now, more than ever, becoming evident. The frequency, magnitude and intensity of weather related disasters like floods and dry spells are increasing. The impact of disasters is can be huge. Disasters disrupt people’s livelihoods, endanger human and food security, damage infrastructure and hinder economic growth and development, among others. On the micro level, disasters have resulted in a more fragile and less resilient family unit, while on the macro level; there is the cost of diverting development resources to respond to these emergencies. Statistics shows that from 1979 to 2008, natural disasters in Malawi affected nearly 21.7 million people and killed about 2,596 people (Sibale B. and Jere P. 2010). Further than that, in 2015/2016 season alone an estimated 1,101,364 people were affected, 230,000 displaced, 106 killed and 172 reported missing (World Bank 2015).
With the current problems Africa is facing, Malawi inclusive, there is need to have
Figure 7 shows a toilets destroyed by floods to the right and drought field to the left
long term resilient building interventions and technologies which can mitigate the negative impacts of climate change. HOMI will also engage in short term relief and recovery interventions.